Africa. An Encyclopedia for Students. Sadat - Zulu & Index by John Middleton

By John Middleton

Offering a accomplished examine the continent of Africa and the nations that include it, this booklet describes its peoples and cultures, tune and artwork, alternate and financial system, vacation trips and gala's, tribal teams, ecology, faith, fossil and skeleton discoveries, the land and its historical past, paintings and structure and way of life. It examines Africa from prehistoric occasions to the current day.

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The country’s first prime minister, Sir Milton Margai, ensured that Sierra Leone enjoyed a free press, open debate in government, and effective participation in the political process by people throughout the land. When he died in 1964, his half-brother Albert was elected prime minister. However, the second Margai lost support when he tried to set up a one-party state. In the 1967 elections the ruling Sierra Leone People’s Party (SLPP) was defeated by the opposition party, the All People’s Congress (APC).

As a result, many Africans labored in conditions not very different from servitude. In addition, local African rulers who cooperated with the new colonial administrations usually were allowed to keep some degree of power over those who had been slaves or pawns. Finally, although Europeans made the buying and selling of slaves illegal, the laws were not always easy to enforce. Traffic in slaves continued for years in parts of Africa. In some areas it survived even after the colonies gained independence in the mid-1900s.

Abolition— the movement to end slavery—began to attract support among Europeans in the late 1700s, largely because of moral outrage against slavery. In the late 1800s the Ottoman Empire, which controlled Islamic North Africa and the Near East, also moved toward abolishing the slave trade as a result of internal reform movements and pressure from European powers. In the end the slave trade was eventually stamped out partly for religious or moral reasons and partly for economic ones. Four hundred years of violent slave trading, however, had left deep marks on the African population.

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