A Concise Introduction to Syntactic Theory: The by Elizabeth A. Cowper

By Elizabeth A. Cowper

This textbook is meant to provide scholars a short begin in utilizing idea to handle syntactic questions. At each one degree, Cowper is cautious to introduce a theoretical equipment that's not more advanced than is needed to accommodate the phenomenon into account. complete and updated, this available quantity also will supply an exceptional refresher for linguists returning to the examine of Government-Binding theory". Cowper shows the analytical units of present principles-and-parameters ways, takes readers rigorously throughout the significant components of grammatical conception (including very fresh work), and ushers them selectively into the technical literature. . . . a significant advent when you need to know the nuts and bolts of syntactic concept and to determine why linguists are so excited those days". -David Lightfoot, college of Maryland "An first-class brief advent to the govt. and Binding version of syntactic thought. . . . Cowper's paintings succeeds in educating syntactic argumentation and in exhibiting the conceptual purposes at the back of particular proposals in smooth syntactic theory". -Jaklin Kornfilt, Syracuse collage

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One == car with the white roof) However, there are some parts of noun phrases that cannot be replaced by one, as shown in (36). (36) a. b. *1 like the King of Sweden, but I can't stand the one of Denmark. *1 climbed to the top of the hill, but not to the one of the mountain. 27 Categories and Phrase Structure Consider how the behavior of one could be described in terms of the two structures we have outlined. The hierarchical structure provides the following analyses of the noun phrases in (34)-(36).

The nature of small clauses will be discussed in some detail later on; for the moment we will simply note that if the bracketed expressions in (82a) and (83a) are AP and PP respectively, the NP's my steak and George could conceivably be analyzed as the subjects of these categories. Thus, it may be possible to make the general claim that all major categories take subjects. An object can be defined as the noun phrase which is a sister of XO, for all major categories, and a subject as the noun phrase which is external to X'.

That little one. (one =: fuzzy pink rabbit) Categories and Phrase Structure 29 that little shiny one. (one == pink rabbit) that little shiny blue one. (one == rabbit) c. d. If we assume that one can only replace material which forms an N' constituent, then the structure of the noun phrase in (47) must be: NP (48) ~ DET N' this ~ AP N' big ~ AP fuzzy N' ~ AP pink N' I N rabbit Now consider the sentences in (49). (49) I know that man with the bald head in the living room on the sofa, not a. the other one.

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